Copyright and Use Policy
Artwork & graphic designs:
All original artwork and graphic designs on this web site are
copyrighted by Fred Hurteau.
These original graphics may not be used, reprinted, reproduced, duplicated
or copied, in whole or in part, for any purposes, whether free or
for hire, without the express written consent of the author.
Unless otherwise credited, the photographs
on this web site are from original digital images taken by
and are copyrighted by Fred
The identification photos that appear in the three categories
"Songbirds & Garden Birds", "Game Birds &
Shorebirds" and "Field & Forest Wildfowl"
may be downloaded by students and teachers in public
or private schools for:
subject to these stipulations:
- use as is in student's assignments for school research papers, reports and
- use as is in teacher's instructional materials, class assignments, media presentations, students handouts and like materials,
Otherwise, these original photos may not be used, reprinted, reproduced,
duplicated, copied or resold, in whole or in part, by individuals
or other entities for any non-commercial use, or for any commercial
purposes, or for hire, or for any form of remuneration or personal
monetary gain without the express written consent of the author.
To request digital files and permission for private use,
publishing and other commercial use, go here.
Be specific and clear about your proposed or intended
use or application, and which photos (by identification code
in the galleries, or by file name and web page URL if from a
web page) of interest.
- the photos may not be altered other than to be
resized to fit the medium being used, or to be cropped if necessary
- the copyright information (© Fred Hurteau, [date], NCBirds.com)
and/or watermark must remain visible and readable in the photo. If the photo
is cropped out of necessity so this copyright is removed, the copyright must
to the material and displayed along with the photo.
- any usual and customary credits (citing a reference, footnotes, bibliography,
etc.) should be given to include "Photo(s) by Fred Hurteau, NCBirds.com,
used with permission"
- materials in which these photos are used may not be sold or charged for (including
"student fees", "lab fees", "course fees", "material fees" or the like)
Photos from other sources:
There may be photographs and other materials in the pages of this web site
from outside sources, including NASA, NOAA, and the Library of Congress, and
are properly credited to the best of our understanding. Please notify us at
you believe any such items are not properly credited. Re-use or publication
of such items is governed by the source agency/author of the materials in question.
We are not a source for NASA, NOAA or LOC photos or other materials.
Questions may be sent to the author by email at